Brain Drain Essay: Causes Effects Advantages Disadvantages and Solutions

Everything has explained in this essay or article about What are the main reasons for brain drain in India? 

What are the positive effects of brain drain? How can it be solved or we control it in India? 

What are the advantages and the major disadvantages of a brain drain shown in points?

After reading this long the student can easily write 100, 150, 200, 250 , 300 , 500 words paragraph/essay by themselves

What is brain drain and its effects?

Meaning of brain drain: This is a new concept of migration of people. It refers to the increasing tendency of the intellectuals of various spheres to migrate to other countries. 

Students and other people who are moving to other countries are getting a lot of benefits. Some take a lot of advantages of brain drain.  

They go to foreign countries because there are better job opportunities than in India. They also, get handsome salaries as compared to those of India. 

Essay on Brain Drain Causes Effects Advantages Disadvantages

Thus our country is being deprived of qualified like doctors, engineers, scientists, and many other professionals. We can say that there some advantages and disadvantages of brain drain.

We must tax our brain to find out the causes behind and Govt must find solutions to brain drain to keep youth in India. 

It will be injustice to our/youth if blame them without any reason or logic. All human beings need food shelter and clothes which are the basic necessities of life. 

If we offer them good opportunities in India, they needn't leave their own motherland. India is a developing country where the dreams and aspirations of our intellectuals remain unfulfilled. 

So they migrate to other countries like U.S., U.K., Japan, Germany, and France, etc. There they get all facilities, handsome packages and a better lifestyle. 

But the effects of brain drain is that Our country has been losing talented people and intelligent mind.

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Types of Brain Drain

There are two types of brain drain. Through which people move to other countries forever. 

  • Study basis: The first type is for students to go to other countries to study and settle abroad after completing their studies. Because there are more job opportunities abroad.
  • Work basis: The second type of brain drain through which people or individuals apply for work abroad. 

For example, Canada invites workers from other countries for work and offers permanent residency in Canada. This allows people to apply in different categories like a welder, cook, etc.

Many people invest in Canada, under this program people from other countries invest in a business in Canada and live in Canada permanently.

Main reasons of brain drain in India

What are the positive and negative effects of brain drain?

The main cause behind this problem is unemployment, lack of jobs and meager wages, etc. In developing countries, there are fewer opportunities for employment for professionals. 

1. Problem of unemployment. Educated, Trained and qualified persons, like teachers, doctors, engineers and other technical hands, are wandering from pillar to post in a search of jobs.  

In India, the problem of unemployment has already become a serious problem.  Unemployment is increasing day by day in our country. Students are lazy even with higher degrees. 

There are a lot of jobs in government departments but the unemployment rate has gone up due to poor government policy. The government always pretends to empty the coffers.

2. Lack of jobs: The government has started promoting the private sector instead of the public sector, which has led to a lack of employment for the people. 

In the private sector, a lot of work is taken from individuals, and salaries are not only paid. This makes life difficult for the common man.

3. Low wages or salaries: Governments hire on a contract basis for government work and employees are being exploited more and more. 

Governments pay only Rs. 8000-9000 for contract recruitment. Employs employees but does not secure them. 

Employees quit their jobs and others are hired on contract. An M.A., B.Ed. (TET cleared) is working as a primary teacher at Rs. 1500/ - to Rs. 2000/- a month. 

It is because government jobs are not available. So, the talented professionals are being exploited.

 Nowadays, anyone is afraid to start a new business because the tax collection procedures of the Government of India are not suitable for the general public. 

Different things are taxed differently by the government. As a result, business in every sector has come down a lot. This is also the reason why people are migrating to other countries.

4. Fewer facilities and no management: Another factor is that there is no job-satisfaction in any department. A scientist is working without a library. 

An English teacher is teaching the primary classes. A doctor is maintaining the accounts of a big hospital.

Everyone in the country is paying taxes. But no special benefits are given to the common man in return for that tax. 

Just as government hospitals do not have all kinds of doctors for treatment if there are doctors, there is always a shortage of machines to treat them. 

Getting treatment in private hospitals is beyond the reach of the common man. And there are many other reasons why people are moving from India to other countries.

5. Low currency and low GDP: When India became independent in 1947, the value of the rupee was equal to the dollar. 

Today, one US dollar is worth about 70 rupees in India. That means people go to other countries and earn good money and GDP is -23 or -24 in India. 

If once GDP goes less than 0 it means govt is getting failed in all fields. 

6. Corruption in India: Corruption is so rampant in the country that nothing can be done without money. 

Bribes and recommendations are also needed to get a job in the public or private sector. Nowadays if one has talent then he does not get a good job due to lack of recommendation.

7. Education system: The education offered in India is less than that of other countries. Because more attention is paid to the theory of each subject. 

When in schools and colleges, very little practice is done according to the subject. So Indian students, despite having talent, face disappointment.

8. Population problem in India: In our country, one child is born every second. This means that even today in many states family planning procedures have not been adopted. 

Due to this, the population of the country is increasing day by day. The large population also makes it difficult for people to get a good job. 

And people are moving out of the country to other countries.

9. Low living style: The culture of India is much loved by the people of other countries. But unfortunately even today the living conditions of the people of our country have changed very little. 

In many areas or states, too many families are living below the poverty line. The government is not doing much for the people but providing more facilities for the big families.

10. Discrimination and caste system: Where other countries have made so much progress, but in India even today people are discriminated against as a caste. 

In the coming days we will see that minorities and SC/ST are being harassed more by the common people and there is very justice rate in Indian courts

Governments are not taking any significant steps in this direction. Most of the media has also become marketable and the right news is not shown properly.

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What are Advantages of brain drain

What are the benefits of brain drain? Generally, the Indians are known for their sincerity, honesty and hardworking nature. 

When they migrate to any foreign country, they can get the job of their choice. They get a handsome salary or adequate wages. 

In return, the economy of that country goes on developing. It has been seen that we ourselves wish to send a family member abroad. 

When he becomes a Millionaire within five to ten years, all the family gets settled. In America or Canada or Australia, the Indians have become the backbone of the economy of these countries.

What are the major disadvantages of a brain drain shown in points

In recent times, many families have been sending their children to other countries for education. 

The main example of brain drain that youth is migrating to other countries on a study or permanent basis.

As of today, more students are going to study in countries like Australia, England, Germany, and Canada. 

It costs up to  2.5 million per student to move to Canada. That means India's money is going to other countries. 

Educated children settle permanently in countries like Canada. It means that the youth of our country is settling abroad. Young people are the future of the country. 

If the youth of the country does not remain in the country then the country cannot progress. Living abroad permanently destroys the roots of many families. 

They drift away from their language and culture. Because a person who leaves the country adopts the culture of another country.

Students or people who are more mentally developed than the general public, even if they are smarter, go abroad because they have no value in India. Our country is facing a huge deficit.

"In Shakesperean language, it is called 'tragic waste': So these trained and qualified persons migrate to other countries. 

There is no job satisfaction, they can at least earn a lot of money.  Not many people can show their love for their native place with an empty belly."

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How can it be solved or we control it in india

This problem is not difficult to solve. The planning of the country needs a rethinking. There are plenty of resources in our country. 

If we start exploiting these resources, they will require manpower. We can give jobs to our youth according to their qualification. 

They will be ready to get a reasonable pay-package. Besides, the working environment should be congenial for them. They should not complain of lack of job satisfaction. 

In these days, our qualified youth are being offered handsome pay-packages by big organizations and multinational companies. 

The representatives of various companies reach the colleges and universities on a fixed date and interview the final year students for their placements.

Before the result is out, the students get the offers of jobs along with the pay-packages. So, the situation has changed a lot in India.

We shall have to take solid steps on two fronts. First, to check the brain drain, and secondly, to bring back our talent from other countries. 

Proper planning should be done to keep our talent within our country. Some young people may not mind getting small salaries but they must be given job satisfaction. 

We should provide them good libraries, well-equipped laboratories, and other facilities. They may reconcile to lower pay and other hardships if their capability is recognized. 

Their work should be appreciated and better chances for research should be always available.

No doubt. India has made great development in the field of education, agriculture, medicine, and technology. 

Some of the companies are offering handsome packages to talented and qualified boys and girls. They never think of going abroad.

The only answer to this problem is that we should offer jobs and opportunities to our youth according to their professional qualifications. 

If they get jobs and salaries to their satisfaction, they will remain in their own country. They will prefer to serve their Motherland according to their capabilities.

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Conclusion of brain drain

Definition of Brain drain means the migration of highly trained and qualified man-powered from one country to the other countries. 

This fleeing of talents mostly take place in the field of science and technology. This problem is mainly prevalent in developing countries like India. 

India has been facing this problem ever since we got freedom. Besides India, most of the developing countries are also facing this problem.

The qualified persons should remain in India and work here. Then our country will also move faster on the path of progress and development. 

They will not only themselves become more financially strong but also the economy of the country will get a boost. The same youth will make this country one of the progressive countries of the world.

But sometimes, all the demands of the professionals or research workers cannot be meted out in a developing country. 

Or their talents cannot be put to proper use due to one reason or the other. Then it becomes the duty of these brains to be patriotic. 

They should do their best for their motherland even in the most adverse circumstances. They should realize that they owe a debt to their motherland. 

It can be repaid by serving her whole-hardheartedly. It is not only the duty of our government to check the brain drain but also it is the duty of all of us. 

If we lose a good engineer, a doctor, a research scholar, or a scientist, it hurts our motherland. The government should exploit the country's resources with the help of the country's talent.

Big organizations, establishments, and institutions should come forward and utilize the services of the budding nation builders.

We should create so many opportunities for them that they should never dream of leaving their country. It is only this class or category which can strengthen the economy of India.


How do you stop the brain drain?

If we give proper opportunities to our youth, there will be no question of brain drain. Some people want to come back to India. 

But on reaching here, they find that there is no chance of getting a job here. They want to live here and serve their motherland. 

But when they watch the system of working here, they feel disillusioned and decide to go back. In this way, we ourselves become responsible for the brain drain.

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Should brain drain be stopped?

No, It can not be stopped. Already explain that in brain drain essay that advantages and disadvantages with its positive and negative effects.